Plant propagation refers to the reproduction of plants through seeds, bulbs, and cutting. These methods require less space and time than other methods, such as root division. You should consider using artificial lighting and heat lamps to grow plants indoors.
Handling indoor plants is a lot harder than outdoor plants. Because indoor plants don’t have access to natural sources that outdoor plants have. So, we have to deliver that to them. In this article, we want to share tips and tricks for maintaining indoor plants.
Table of Contents
Here are some common problems with indoor plants
1. Not enough light – If your plant is not getting enough light, it will become leggy and weak. Move it to a brighter spot or add more artificial lighting.
2. Too much water – If you’re watering your plant too often, the roots will rot, and the plant will eventually die. Let the soil dry out between watering sessions, and don’t water if the leaves are already wet.
3. Not enough humidity – Many plants thrive in high-humidity environments but can suffer in dry indoor air. Try misting your plant regularly or setting it on a pebble tray filled with water to help increase humidity around it.
4. Pests – Aphids, mealybugs, and other pests can quickly infest a houseplant and cause serious damage. Check your plants regularly for signs of pests and treat them immediately if you find any.
5. Lack of nutrients – A nutrient-rich environment helps keep your plants healthy and vibrant. Feed your plants once or twice per month with foliar fertilizer. Some fertilizers also contain beneficial microbes that encourage better growth.
6. Temperature change – Your indoor plants may be under stress when temperatures fluctuate, especially from season to season. This causes them to produce fewer flowers and fruits. To avoid temperature fluctuations, use a heating mat or window screen to regulate room temperature.
7. Overfeeding – Plants are very sensitive to overfeeding. They need their nutrition, but they don’t need extra food. You might be overwatering if you notice a strong odor from your pots. The best way to tell is by seeing if your potting mix has turned brown.
8. Potting mix – When choosing an appropriate potting mix, look for one that drains well, holds moisture, and absorbs excess nutrients. Avoid mixes containing excessive sand or gravel, preventing proper drainage.
9. Fertilizer – Most indoor plants like to eat nitrogen-based fertilizer but choose a balanced mixture that includes phosphorus and potassium to ensure optimal health.
10. Water needs – Indoor plants need different water levels depending on your growing plant. For example, dwarf varieties only need about 1 inch (2 cm) of water weekly. In contrast, larger plants like begonias may need up to 3 inches (8 cm). Be careful not to overwater; let the top half inch of soil dry out before adding additional water.
|Tip Category||Indoor Plant Growing Tips|
|Light Requirements||1. Identify your plant’s light needs (low, medium, high) and place it accordingly.|
|2. Rotate your plant periodically to ensure even growth and prevent leaning.|
|Watering||1. Water thoroughly, allowing excess water to drain from the pot.|
|1. Use a well-draining potting mix suited to your plant type (cactus, succulent, or general mix).|
|3. Water when the top inch of soil feels dry, but avoid overwatering, as it can lead to root rot.|
|Humidity||1. Increase humidity for tropical plants by misting or using a humidifier.|
|2. Group plants together to create a microclimate with higher humidity.|
|3. Place a tray filled with water and pebbles near plants to raise local humidity.|
|Temperature||1. Keep plants away from drafts, sudden temperature fluctuations, and heating/cooling vents.|
|2. Most indoor plants thrive in a consistent temperature range of 60-75°F (15-24°C).|
|Soil and Potting||1. Use well-draining potting mix suited to your plant type (cactus, succulent, or general mix).|
|2. Repot when the plant becomes root-bound or outgrows its pot.|
|Fertilizing||1. Fertilize during the growing season (spring and summer) with a balanced liquid fertilizer.|
|2. Follow the recommended dosage on the fertilizer label to avoid overfeeding.|
|Pruning and Maintenance||1. Trim dead or yellowing leaves to encourage new growth and maintain plant appearance.|
|2. Regularly inspect for pests and treat them promptly if detected.|
|Support and Staking||1. Use stakes or trellises for tall or vining plants to prevent them from becoming top-heavy.|
|2. Gently tie stems to supports as they grow to maintain a pleasing shape.|
Here are some tips to help you out with your indoor plants
1. Less H2O
Winter is coming. And it’s cold outside. So you might think that indoor plants are out of luck. But there’s one thing you can do to help keep your houseplants alive during the colder months.
A major cause of killing any plant is over-watered. Waterlogged soil chokes off oxygen from the root zone, making it hard for the plant to breathe. Plants also need air to grow properly, so keeping the soil dry helps prevent root rot.
But how do you know if your plants are getting enough water? You don’t want to drown them, but check the bottom inch of the potting mix. If it feels wet, it probably needs some extra moisture.
You can use a garden hose to mist the leaves and stems of potted plants. Or you could try sprinkling the soil with a fine mist of water. This method works well because it doesn’t splash around too much.
If you’re worried about overwatering, you can always add fertilizer to the soil. Make sure you give your plants the correct amount based on their needs.
2. Keep the fertilizer in your hand
The best way to grow plants during the cold months is to let nature take its course. You don’t need to buy fertilizer for indoor plants in the winter because they naturally receive what they need.
Use a liquid feeder like the one shown here to give your plants some extra nutrients. This device lets you add water and fertilizers directly into the soil without worrying about spills or leaks.
3. Raise humidity levels when needed
Humidity plays a big role in indoor gardening. Plants require moisture to grow properly; they’ll struggle to survive without enough water. If you’re growing houseplants, there are several things you can do to keep the air moist.
You can also use a humidifier. Humidifiers work by adding moisture to the air. There are many different types of humidifiers, including ultrasonic, evaporative, and electric. Ultrasonic humidifiers tend to be smaller and quieter than others.
Finally, you can open windows and doors during the day for fresh air. This will naturally raise the humidity level, but you might want to close those same windows and doors in the evening to prevent excess heat loss.
4. Always keep temperatures stable
Plants are sensitive creatures. They don’t like sudden changes in their environments. If you’re keeping your plants indoors, ensure the room stays at a consistent temperature. You’ll want to monitor the air temperature around your plants. Ideally, it should be somewhere between 65 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit.
Avoid placing your plants near radiating heaters, air conditioning units, and ventilation systems, which can cause hot or cold drafts. These drafts can throw off your plants’ internal thermostat, causing them to overheat or underperform.
5. Get creative with lighting
Lighting options are limitless when it comes to indoor gardening. You can use natural sunlight as often as possible, but artificial lights aren’t a bad option. For example, fluorescent bulbs provide bright light that’s easy on the eyes while allowing your plants plenty of daylight.
6. Use a good potting mixture
Pots come in all shapes and sizes when it comes to indoor plants. Some people prefer clay pots because they absorb water more easily than other materials. Others choose terra cotta pots because they hold moisture better than plastic ones. But no matter what pot you go with, you’ll need to find a good potting mix that provides your plants with everything they need to thrive.
7. Choose a reputable retailer
Plants aren’t just pretty things; they’re living beings that require care and attention. When choosing a place to buy your plants, make sure it offers knowledgeable advice and support. A good nursery should offer expert advice on how to care for your plants, including watering schedules, fertilization, pest control, and disease prevention. You’ll want someone to help you choose the best plants for your space and climate.
A great way to find a reliable source is to ask friends and family members who’ve bought plants from nurseries in the area. They’ll know what to look for and can steer you toward places that offer quality products and customer service.
8. Cut away old growth
Late winter is also a time to cut away some of those dead leaves and branches hanging over your plants. This helps keep moisture inside the plant, encouraging it to grow strong roots and stems. You don’t want to do too much pruning, though; just enough to help the plant recover. If you’re growing tropical plants indoors, you’ll want to trim off the tips of the leaves to prevent them from getting sunburned.
9. Refresh the soil
When growing plants indoors, keeping the soil moist is the most important thing to remember. This is especially true during the cold months. When watering your plants, water deeply enough to reach the bottom of the pot.
If unsure how deep to water, mark the pot’s surface with a pencil. Then, place one foot into the pot and step down until you feel the pencil mark. Watering too shallowly can cause roots to rot.
If you notice brown spots on leaves, check the air temperature inside the home. Consider moving your plants outside for the season if it is consistently above 70 degrees F. If the temperatures drop below 50 degrees F, you may want to bring your plants inside.
10. Be brave and report any suspicious activity
A common misconception among gardeners is that “repotting” means replacing your plant’s entire root system with fresh soil. It simply refers to changing your plant’s existing soil with a fresh potting medium to give it additional room to grow. This usually happens every 12 to 18 months.
If your plant has outgrown the original pot, you’ll want to choose a new one about 1 to 3 inches bigger than the old one. You don’t want to put too much pressure on the roots because they’re still figuring out where they should go.
Frequently Asked Questions [FAQs]
1. Why Do Indoor Plants Cry?
Since saturated roots pressure the rest of the plant, guttation is often a sign of overwatering. As a result, the plant exudes sap to expel its excess moisture (and nutrients). You can stop sap production by reducing watering.
2. What Do I Need To Grow Houseplants?
Your first consideration will be whether or not you have access to sunlight. Most houseplants are light-loving plants and cannot thrive when placed under direct sunlight. However, many plants can tolerate partial shade. Some houseplants prefer dim lighting. You can try using fluorescent lights if you live in a windowless basement. These are less intense than natural sunlight but should provide adequate light for most plants.
3. Do I Need To Feed My Indoor Plants?
Feeding is optional if you’re growing houseplants in bright, indirect sunlight. Most plants require only occasional feeding with a general-purpose fertilizer such as 10-20-20. However, plants grown in low light or full shade may benefit from more frequent fertilization.
4. Can I Grow Houseplants Without Soil?
You can still grow houseplants in clay, plastic, wood, or other clay pots. The key is to make sure that the material allows plenty of drainages. A very porous pot is preferable so that the roots can breathe. You can purchase ready-made containers at nurseries or online retailers to try growing houseplants without soil. Alternatively, you can create your homemade potting mix. For best results, combine equal parts peat moss, vermiculite, perlite, sand, and compost.
5. Can I Grow Houseplant Seeds?
Yes. Many houseplants are propagated through seeds. To start, select healthy-looking, fully-developed seeds. Store them in a cool, dry place until they germinate.
Indoor gardening is a wonderful hobby and a great way to save money on groceries. It also allows you to learn about nature and know your neighbors better. Best of all, you won’t have to deal with pests or insects. But keep in mind that you’ll have to water your plants regularly. I hope this article has given you enough ideas and tips for your indoor garden.