Herb Gardening Basics

The joy of having a garden at home is priceless. You should start gardening to enjoy fresh fruits and vegetables throughout the year. Herb is the perfect plant for the garden. It’s not just easy to grow but has many health benefits.

Since growing herbs in our backyard, I have fallen sick a little less and enjoyed life a little more. So, why not start herb gardening? Dig into learning herb gardening basics.

What is herb gardening?

Herb gardening refers to cultivating herbs for use in cooking and medicine. To be considered a true herb gardener, you must understand how herbs are grown, harvested, stored, and prepared for consumption.

Most people interested in growing their food also want to know the best ways to use the products they’ve grown themselves. Herbs are no different. They can be used as culinary ingredients or as medicinal preparations.

So, what exactly do we mean by “cultivating” or “growing” herbs?

Cultivating herbs means propagating them from seed. This involves planting and nurturing seeds in the soil to sprout roots and leaves. Once these plants mature, you must prune them to encourage new growth.

It is important to remember that some herbs prefer cooler climates while others like warmer temperatures. Therefore, make sure your chosen herbs can thrive under all weather conditions.

And growing refers to planting a little herb tree and taking care of it as it grows little by little. In that case, you don’t need to put that many effects on them to grow.

Here Is How You Can Start Herb Gardening

1. Choose the herbs you want to plant

The best way to decide what herbs to grow is to consider what types are growing well around your home. For example, if you live in a warm climate, consider planting lemon balm, dill, thyme, rosemary, sage, and marjoram. If you live in a cold region, try basil, cilantro, fennel, garlic, ginger, onion, scallions, tarragon, and turmeric.

Next, think about what herbs you like eating. Do you love spicy food? Then, plant jalapenos, chili peppers, hot pepper flakes, and habaneros. Or do you prefer sweeter flavors? Try balsamic vinegar, sugar, honey, maple syrup, and molasses.

Finally, consider what type of cooking you plan to perform. Will you be roasting vegetables, grilling meat, making soups, baking bread, or brewing tea? Choose accordingly.

2. Decide where your herbs will thrive

If you want to grow herbs in your home, it helps to know where they’ll thrive best. Some herbs easily grow inside, while others require more space outdoors.

If you live somewhere cold or temperate, consider growing herbs outside during summer. On the flip side, if you live in a hot climate, you might want to plant your herbs during winter.

Generally speaking, herbs prefer warm, sunny spots, so position them near a window or under a skylight. They also appreciate indirect lighting, so place them near a south-facing wall or beneath a lamp. In addition, many herbs enjoy partial shade—so don’t worry about putting them too close to trees or shrubs.

3. Choosing the right soil for your herb garden is important

Plant herbs with similar soil and watering requirements together for optimal growth. A good rule of thumb is to plant herbs that require similar amounts of moisture and nutrients near one another.

For example, you might want to group basil, rosemary, thyme, and cilantro because they prefer moist, fertile soils and don’t do well in arid conditions.

If you’re growing herbs that favor drier soil, such as mint, marjoram, and dill, keep them separate from those that love wetter soil, like bay leaves and lemon balm.

Different varieties of the same herb species can grow differently, so choose plants carefully. Some herbs, such as cinnamon, fennel, and lavender, benefit from being planted in slightly acidic rather than neutral soil.

4. Planting herbs takes time but doesn’t have to be difficult

Depending on the size of your herb garden, it may take anywhere from two weeks to three years to get started. The process starts when you buy seeds, germinate, and grow into an established herb bed. You can begin planting once your soil is ready and the weather is nice.

Once you start gardening, there’s no need to rush things. Take your time first, and let each seedling develop properly before harvesting. Even after you harvest your entire crop, leave some to allow new shoots to grow.

5. Harvesting herbs isn’t just about quantity

You don’t always have to produce large quantities of herbs to reap their benefits. Instead, focus on maximizing the flavor and aroma of your herbs by selecting the right variety and growing techniques.

Some herbs are easy to grow and maintain, while others require special care. Basil, chives, oregano, parsley, and sage grow quickly and are relatively easy to manage.

On the other hand, rosemary, thyme, tarragon, and most other culinary herbs grow slowly. You’ll have to spend more time tending to and harvesting them every few weeks instead of letting them mature over several months.

6. Create a plan for your herb garden

Your herb garden should be organized logically, which makes it easier to find what you’re looking for. To create this layout, divide your garden into zones based on how much sun and light each area receives.

Then, use color-coded labels to identify and organize the various herbs in each zone. For instance, you could label a section red if it gets full sun, yellow if it gets part sun, and green if it gets shade. This will help you locate any particular herb easily.

7. Enjoy

Once you’ve made your herb garden, you can relax knowing you’ve created something beautiful and useful. Feel free to experiment if you’d like to add more variety or try a different growing method. With a little patience and effort, you’ll soon have an herb garden that looks great and tastes even better.

Things you should consider before planting herbs


Among the most important factors for herbs is light. Herbs need to get a lot of natural light. Direct sunlight for 6-8 hours per day is crucial for the growth of most herbs.

Herbs that receive more light taste better and are infused with more flavor. Your herbs will grow best if they are planted near a sunny window or if they are being grown indoors.

The best windows face south since they provide the most light. Many different styles and options are available for grow lights depending on your budget if you don’t have adequate sunlight at home. Winter is also the perfect time to grow herbs indoors using grow lights during the colder, darker months.


Herbs are easy to grow indoors, but you want to give them the best environment possible. Knowing what soil you’ll need is important if you’re growing herbs inside. There are many different types of soils, and each one suits a specific purpose.

For example, clay pots hold moisture longer than plastic pots, while sandy soil drains better than heavy clay soil. So, how do you choose the right soil for your herb garden? Read on to learn about the benefits of each type of soil and find some helpful tips for creating a great indoor herb garden.


Herbs need water regularly, and you want to give them enough moisture to thrive. But how do you know what amount of water is just right? And how long does it take for a plant to start showing signs of stress?

These questions and many others about growing healthy herbs can be answered by understanding how plants absorb water.

Plants need water to grow, live, and reproduce. They use water to transport nutrients throughout their bodies, including sugars, minerals, and oxygen. When we apply water to our plants, we give them a drink.

We usually consider water essential for life, but plants require water to survive. A plant needs water every day, even during the hottest summer days.

Every plant absorbs water differently. Some plants prefer cool, wet conditions, while others thrive in hot, arid climates. Different types of plants also absorb water differently.

For example, some plants absorb water quickly, others slowly. Each herb requires different amounts of water, depending on its size and growth habits. Smaller herbs like basil and mint need less frequent watering than larger ones like rosemary and thyme.

How to Prepare Your Herb Garden?

There are two main methods of preparing your herbs for use:

Method-1: Freshly harvested herbs

Fresh herbs retain maximum nutritional value. To prepare freshly picked herbs, wash them thoroughly. Try to avoid cutting them until they are completely dry. Instead, you should use your hands to rub the dirt off the leaves gently. Brushes the herbs into small pieces using a mortar and pestle when making herbal tea.

First, pour olive oil over the herbs to make an infused oil. Allow the mixture to sit overnight. Then, strain out the solids through the cheesecloth. Store the oil in glass jars. Infused oils have a more intense aroma and flavor compared to herbal teas. They also last longer.

Method-2: Dried herbs

Drying herbs allows you to enjoy fresh flavors at any time. To dry your herbs, either spread them on screen screens indoors or hang them outdoors on clotheslines. Be careful not to expose them to direct sunlight. If you live in a hot climate, try spreading the herbs on newspaper instead of plastic bags to prevent sunburn.

When storing your herbs, do so as soon as possible. As long as you store them in airtight containers, dried herbs will stay good for several months. Keep them away from heat and humidity to ensure proper storage.

Here are some tips for harvesting your herbs

1) Prune your herbs regularly. Remove any dead stems and branches. This encourages new growth.

2) Cut back your herbs when they begin to flower. This gives you a chance to save seeds for next season’s crop.

3 ) Dry your herbs immediately after harvesting. This prevents moisture loss and preserves nutrients.

4) Pick herbs early in the morning when the dew has dried off. The herbs will dry faster this way.

5) Storing your herbs properly can help preserve their flavor. Please place them in a paper bag, then place them inside another container.

6) Use herbs within one month of picking.

How to care for your herbs?

Watering: Water herb plants when the soil feels dry to the touch. Don’t let them get too soggy—herbs are susceptible to root rot and other diseases if they stay wet for too long.

Fertilizing: Use a light hand when fertilizing herb plants. Too much fertilizer will make them produce lots of leaves but few flowers or fruits (if applicable). A light application of compost or organic fertilizer every few weeks is all they need.

Pest Control: Herbs attract many pests because they grow well in sunny spots with little shade. Here’s what to do about them:

Snail: Cover the base of your plants with a floating-row cover. It keeps snails from eating the roots.

Slugs: Spray slug bait around your garden before planting. It will keep slugs from munching on your herbs.

Caterpillars: Pinch off stems near the bottom of your plants to discourage caterpillar damage.

Bees and wasps: These helpful insects pollinate most crops. Let bees visit your garden without disturbing them.

Weed Eater: Weed eaters work best when used consistently and at regular intervals. You should use it only once per week. You may want to mulch your herbs with wood chips or straw if weeds grow back quickly.

Mulching: Mulch helps protect against disease and weed infestation. Sprinkle grass clippings, peat moss, or bark chips between rows of herbs.

Frequently Asked Questions [FAQs]

1. What Is Herb Gardening?

Herb gardening is the practice of planting and growing herbs for culinary, medicinal, or ornamental purposes. It involves cultivating a variety of herb plants in a garden or container and harvesting their leaves, flowers, or roots for use in cooking, healing, or for their aromatic qualities.

2. Where Should I Grow My Herbs?

Depending on your available space and preferences, herbs can be grown in various locations. They can be cultivated in an outdoor garden, a raised bed, or even in pots or containers on a balcony or windowsill. The key is to choose a location that provides adequate sunlight (at least 6 hours per day), well-draining soil, and protection from strong winds. It’s also important to consider easy access to water and proximity to your kitchen for convenience.

3. How Do I Care For Herb Plants?

Herb plants have different care requirements depending on the herb, but a few general guidelines exist. Most herbs thrive in well-draining soil, so ensure good drainage by adding organic matter or sand. Water your herbs regularly, allowing the soil to dry slightly between waterings. Some herbs, like basil and parsley, benefit from regular pruning to encourage bushier growth.

4. What Are Some Common Herbs For Beginners To Grow?

Several herbs are well-suited for beginners to grow. Some popular choices include basil, parsley, mint, rosemary, and thyme. These herbs are relatively easy to care for, have a wide range of culinary uses, and are readily available at garden centers.


Herb is the most important garden in the era of gardens. So, why not grow them in your garden? You can grow herbs without hassle by attentively following the above steps and tips. So, don’t wait any longer. Start growing herbs right now.

About the Author

Virginia E. Hayes is a gardening enthusiast who loves to write about gardening tools, safety issues, and ways to keep gardens clean and safe. With her vast experience in gardening, she provides valuable insights and tips to help fellow gardening enthusiasts to enhance their gardening experience. Her passion for gardening and writing has made her a sought-after author in the gardening community.

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