how to make composting at home

Compost is a murky, natural-smelling substance that is made from decaying grass clippings, leaves and diverse organic substances. This decaying procedure occurs without the involvement of humans. That's because earth creatures and microorganisms do the task of decaying animal resides and plants.

The technique of composting permits you to accelerate the biological procedure of making a regular stock of compost. Compost is very good and healthy for your landscape and also for the soil structure.

Completed compost is made up of both primary and secondary nutrients that are needed for the improvement of plants and soil structure.

Benefits of Composting

Benefits of Composting
  • Compost aids in curtailing the number of substances getting into the soil.
  • Compost saves costs for gardeners, it does this by providing the soil with natural nutrients instead of purchasing fertilisers, vermiculite etc.
  • It also helps to enhance the condition of the soil.
  • It also aids in decreasing compression, boosting the growth of plants' roots and allows for water to penetrate well.
  • Compost also helps to resist soil-borne decays.

Components of Compost

The components of your compost will greatly determine the type of composter and result your garden will have. However, some rules apply.

All compostable materials are either carbon or nitrogen-based, to varying degrees. To get a healthy compost, you must strike a balance between these two elements.

The Secret to a Healthy Compost Pile: Carbon/Nitrogen Ratio


Carbon-rich matter gives compost its light fluffy body. They include branches, stems, dried leaves, peels, bits of wood, bark dust or sawdust pellets, shredded brown paper bags, corn stalks, coffee filters, coffee grounds, conifer needles, egg shells, straw, peat moss, and wood ash


These are protein-rich matter. They include manures, food scraps, green lawn clippings, kitchen waste, and green leaves. They also provide raw materials for making enzymes.

A healthy compost pile should have much more carbon than nitrogen. Experts advise using one-third green and two-thirds brown materials. The brown material inputs a sort of  to the compost, which gives room for oxygen to enter and nourish the organisms that reside there.

Too much nitrogen makes for a dense, smelly, slowly decomposing anaerobic mass. Good composting hygiene means covering fresh nitrogen-rich material with the ability to release odors when exposed to open air. Alongside carbon-rich material, which often exudes a fresh smell.

Types of Composting and How To Make Them

1. Active Composting

Active Composting

Active composting is a type of composting technique that generates compost in the fastest period. However, this procedure needs extra critical scrutiny and systematic tasks to accomplish it. Making active compost requires a heap or bin.

You are to fill up this heap or bin with the essential components once in a while. These essential components could be wastes from your kitchen or other debris.

2. Passive composting

Passive composting

This type of composting does not require intensive labor rather what it requires is patience. This technique is accomplished by a thin expanse of microbes generated in the airy weather.

These microorganisms are comprehensive and yield great compost, but they take a lot of time for the process to be finished. It could take about a year to obtain it.    

When you continually put raw substances into your heap, then the substances on the exterior part of the heap will be in the initial phases of breakdown while the ones at the ground will be prepared for use.

What you are to do is to extract the substances on the exterior part of the heap and then remove the ones on the bottom part, this is to be done every year.

Note, do not allow your heap to be more than 5ft high, else the pressure and quantity will compress the garbage and restrict the free movement of air. This can also result in an odorous and anaerobic breakdown.

To generate an even output and also fasten the method does well to turn the heap at least once or two periods in a year.   

This enables fresh air to circulate the waste and enable it to break down well. The perfect size of your bin should not be less than 27 cubic feet. A good compost should have a murky brown color and should not look anything like the original substance.

3. Sheet composting

Sheet composting

This is another method of generating a new bed in the overdue summer for planting.

To make a sheet composting, position overlapping compartments of corrugated cardboard or newspaper all over the whole locale.

Then dissipate a 3-5 inch sheet of compost followed by a 5-9 inch sheet of shredded leaves. You may also want to spread some lawn clippings after that.

During the spring season, you will freely cultivate into the soil without having to till the soil again. If there are leaves that have not been crushed completely, then they should be removed and utilized as mulch.

Sheet composting does not need too much work and turning rather it makes use of a huge quantity of locally accessible natural substances.

4. Trench Composting

Trench Composting

Trench composting gives a vegetable farmer the chance to continually boost the ground.

To make a trench composting, poke a hole in a land bed, the hole should be about 9-13 inches deep.

After that, go ahead to bury the wastes from your kitchen such as fruit peels, coffee grounds etc. Then cover the substance with either chopped leaves or sand.

Those kitchen wastes will now feast on microbes and earth animals to boost the fertility of the ground. Trench composting functions better in gardens that are fenced.

Is There Anything I Definitely Shouldn’t Put in My Compost?

Do not compost meat, bones, or fish scraps as they attract pests. However, if you are using a composter designed specifically for this purpose, you can do so.

Avoid composting perennial weeds or diseased plants. That's because they can spread disease when using your compost.

Don’t include pet manures in compost that will be used on food crops.

Avoid composting black walnut leaves.

When using compost, do not mix in or scatter surdust on it to avoid clumping.

Keep banana peel, orange rinds and peach peel out of compost as they may contain pesticide residue.

How To Manage The Condition Of A Compost

The condition of compost should always be regulated and managed well. And it can be done in diverse ways, like:

  1. Using compost thermometers
  2. Using your hand to check the condition of the compost.

You can make use of your hand to check the condition of the compost when you do not have access to a compost thermometer.

When you put your hand in the heap, and it feels cool this means that the heap is due to be turned out. On the other hand, if the heap feels hot like boiled water then it's okay.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQS)

1. What are the things I can compost at home?

You can compost some of your kitchen waste such as fruit peels, yam peels etc.

2. Can I make compost during winter?

If you are among the people who are bothered by the question above then you do not have to anymore. You can compost during winter so you do not have anything to worry about.

3. How do I know that my compost is completed?

You can tell that your compost is completed when it becomes cool instead of hot.

4. Is it safe to compact a newspaper?

Of course, newspapers are safe to compost but it just takes a lot of time to decay.

5. Is there still a need to use fertilizers after using compost?

Well, it relies on the kind of nutrients that your plants need and also the nature of your soil. 

Wrap up!

We believe this article has provided you with healthy ways to make your desired compost at home. Ensure to find out which of the methods suits your soil and plants so you can know which to adapt.

We will love to hear from you how your experience was. Happy Composting!

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